Honeysuckle is a forest shrub that was recently cultivated. Variety Nymph was created in the city of St. Petersburg. Its early berries are not only pleasant to the taste, but also have healing properties. They include a large amount of vitamins and minerals. The fruits of honeysuckle Nymph are able to restore the strength of the human body, cleanse it of toxins and reduce pressure.
Honeysuckle nymph: description of the variety
Honeysuckle bushes of small size, but at the same time give a good harvest. They begin to bear fruit in the third year, on average, about two kilograms of berries can be gathered from a bush.
The main characteristics of the variety Nymph include:
- The bush has a spreading shape, thin branches and large, pointed at the ends, oval-shaped leaves. The height of this variety of honeysuckle no more than two meters.
- The berries are large in size, resemble a spindle. They have a blue-gray color and a bumpy surface.
- Fruits ripen fairly quickly, harvest can begin in mid-June. They have both sweet and sour, tart taste.
- The plant is resistant to frost, rarely ill and rarely attacked by pests.
- Honeysuckle Nymph is a self-productive variety and needs a pollinator plant. The best pollinators are considered to be the Chosen and Amphora varieties.
- With proper care can bear fruit for about twenty years.
The advantage of the Nymph variety is the weak shedding of fruits from the bush after ripening. Honeysuckle berries can be consumed fresh, as well as frozen and canned.
Among the shortcomings can be noted excessive thickening of the bush, however, this can be easily corrected by timely trimming.
Features of cultivation: the choice of location and planting rules
Before planting a shrub, it is necessary to choose the right place for it. Honeysuckle Nymph is a frost-resistant shrub, so you can grow it in open areas, but on condition that during the day the site will be well heated by the sun. Shrub can be planted in shady areas, however, this may affect the quantity and taste of the crop.
Honeysuckle soil is not particularly capricious, however, you should not plant the plant in the acidic and too wet ground.
It is possible to plant seedlings from late summer to mid-autumn, it is best to acquire biennial plants. When buying, you need to pay attention to the appearance of seedlings and make sure that the root system is not rot. Honeysuckle, planted in the spring, poorly take root, since the process of vegetation it occurs in mid-March.
Place for honeysuckle is prepared in advance (a few weeks before planting). Earth should be dug up and removed all weeds. The landing pit should have a width and depth of about half a meter. Expanded clay is put on its bottom, on top of it is covered with earth, which is mixed with humus, superphosphate and ash.
One hour before planting, the seedling is immersed in a special solution that stimulates root formation. When planting, straighten the roots of the seedling and place it in the center of the planting pit. It is important that the growth kidney is five inches below ground level. After planting the seedling, the soil is tamped and the plant is watered.
Features of care: watering, fertilizing and pruning
In the care of berry bushes are not whimsical, but still he needs watering, feeding and pruning.
The first few years after planting, the plant needs watering and removal of weeds around it. Variety Nymph should be watered 5 times per season. The shrub does not tolerate too wet soils, however, and it’s not worth overdrying the land. Drought can disrupt the taste of the fruit.
After watering, the soil should be loosened, but this should be done carefully so as not to damage the roots of the plant. Honeysuckle needs mulching with straw or sawdust; mulch retains moisture in the soil and inhibits the growth of weeds.
Feed berry bushes should be the third year after planting. In the spring, ammonium nitrate is used as a fertilizer, during planting, the plant is fertilized with humus, and at the end of summer, ash is introduced under the shrub. Before the onset of winter, honeysuckle is fed with a mixture of ash, compost and superphosphate.
Pruning should be done in the third year. It is necessary to cut only damaged and dry branches. After six years after planting the bush must be rejuvenated by two old branches at the base. In order to prevent the growth it is necessary to thin out the crown of the plant.
Honeysuckle breeding nymph
Breed this variety can in four ways. Consider their description in more detail:
- Seeds. This rather time-consuming method, which is used very rarely.
- Shrub dividing. The plant is divided into parts, a division of no more than 50 centimeters in length is planted on the prepared site.
- Cuttings. Fifteen centimeters in length are harvested at the end of the season (stored in the basement) and planted in the spring in the greenhouse. With regular soil moistening and airing the greenhouse, the roots appear just a month after planting.
- Apical layering. The top of the shoot is buried in the soil under a bush, fixed with a bracket and watered. It takes root within one month, but it will be possible to plant it only next autumn.
Honeysuckle Diseases and Pests Nymph
The variety Nymph has quite good health, however, due to adverse weather conditions, the plant can affect the following diseases:
- Tuberculosis. Manifested reddish-brown tubercles on the shoots. In order to prevent disease, you should regularly prune the shrub and burn the damaged stems.
- Black fungus. Honeysuckle leaves are covered with dark bloom, as a result of which the plant quickly withers. As a preventive measure, remove fallen leaves.
- Mealy dew. White scurf appears on the leaves, they begin to dry, and the shrub itself loses its frost resistance. To prevent this disease should not be too wet soil.
Description of the main pests of Honeysuckle Nymph:
- Zlatka. The larvae gnaw the branches from the inside, which leads to the withering of the shoots. In order to prevent such plants as wormwood, sage, marigolds should be planted next to the honeysuckle. They have a specific smell that drives away beetles. And also you need to regularly look at the shrub and remove the pests that have appeared.
- Shchitovka. The larvae of this insect feed on the sap of the bush, because of this it dries out and dies. In order to prevent the attack of these pests, it is necessary to plant the plant in sunny areas and water it in a timely manner.
- Honeysuckle mite. He sucks the juice of the foliage, which leads to its twisting and falling off. Too dense planting or too shaded landing site can trigger this pest.
Honeysuckle often becomes the chosen one of the birds, to protect the berries, it is necessary to cover the shrub net.
A.V. Kondrikov and M.N. Plekhanov on the basis of Pavlovsky station VIR in St. Petersburg. Since 1998, the variety has been entered in the register of breeding achievements.
Nymph honeysuckle variety shrubs are not very large in size - they reach a maximum of 1.7 m in height. The plant has straight, thick, long skeletal branches of brown-green color with a slight pubescence, rounded, moderately sprawling crown of long-oval large flat leaves with pointed tops.
Honeysuckle Nymph is a large-fruited variety whose berries may have at harvest a weight from 1.1 to 3 g. The diameter of the fruit is on average 9 mm, length - 2.8-2 cm. The shape is spindle-shaped, elongated, with a strong tuberosity. Fruits can sometimes be severely bent. The peel is thin, but dense, bluish-blue in color with wax bloom, characteristic of all types of honeysuckle.
The pulp is fibrous, the taste is sweet (8.8% sugar content) with a hint of sourness and astringency, bitterness is present, but gives more piquancy to the fruits.
There is a very bright aroma. According to the tasting characteristics of the variety Nymph berries is estimated at 4.8 points. The chemical composition indicates a high level of ascorbic acid - about 54 mg / 100 g, the acid content - 2.1%.
Important! One of the advantages of the Honeysuckle variety Nymph is the weak fall of the fruit, which facilitates harvesting and reduces the amount of damaged berries.
When growing honeysuckle of any kind, close planting of several plants of different varieties is recommended. This species is self-infertile, therefore it is desirable to select pollinating shrubs for planting close by from suitable species.
In the description of the honeysuckle variety Nymph there is information that it is a medium-early species. In practice, gardeners noted fruit ripening by mid-June, and even for a month.
Productivity is average, you can count from 3-4 years of growth for 1.3-2 kg of berries from a bush. The plants maintain their fertility for another 20-25 years.
Comparison of the selection description of the honeysuckle variety Nymph and reviews of gardeners, we can note the following practical advantages of this type:
- Good frost resistance, which is acceptable for most regions.
- Low shedding of fruits.
- The average susceptibility to diseases and attacks of pests.
- Large sizes of fruits.
As drawbacks, only a small yield is distinguished, but it is more than covered by the taste of the berries and their universal use.
Growing honeysuckle - suitable conditions
To grow honeysuckle was cost-effective, we must adhere to the recommendations on the choice of planting material, planting site, care and prevention. Consider each item separately.
Like many other varieties of honeysuckle, Nymph is recommended to be planted in autumn or spring:
- Spring is suitable for this purpose in April or the beginning of May - depends on the specific climatic conditions. The main task is to make sure that the active growth of shoots has not yet begun.
- In autumn you can plant honeysuckle from mid-September to mid-October. In this case, the plant before frost can adapt to new conditions and by the spring already take root thoroughly.
Honeysuckle - not very fastidious culture, but it is necessary to take care of certain conditions for its development.
The territory with such features will be a competent choice:
- Medium-deep occurrence of groundwater - 1-1.5 m.
- Loamy moist soil with neutral acidity.
- No drafts.
- Good light.
Important! You can plant several plants of honeysuckle near wide, but low shrubs - these will be ideal conditions, as the crown will be well lit, and the root zone will be in the shade.
Purchase of seedlings
It is very easy to choose good saplings of honeysuckle, you just need to clarify some points from the seller and visually evaluate the proposed plants.
Here are some important nuances:
- Suitable age of the bushes - 2 or 3 years.
- The root part should be large, well developed.
- On the cuttings there are several awakened buds.
- Shoots - dense, uniform color, without obvious damage, defects.
Instructions for planting honeysuckle
- Markup. Since this variety is not very high, maintain the distance between holes of 1.2 m when marking the area.
- Digging holes. Dimensions of holes do about 0.5 m depth and the same in diameter.
- Watering. On average, pour a 10-liter bucket of water into each hole. It must be warm.
- Drainage. Lay drainage material at the bottom of each pit for good circulation of moisture. Suitable sand, broken bricks, expanded clay.
- Makeup. Like any other plants, honeysuckle seedlings need help to take root. To do this, feed them with fertilizers in such proportions: 500 g of wood ash, 1.5 buckets of manure (rotted), 1 tbsp. superphosphate. Mix everything well with the ground.
- Deepening seedlings. To make it easier to install seedlings, form a small hill inside the planting pit and place the root processes carefully on it.
- The second portion of fertilizer. On top of the roots of the seedling, add as much fertilizer as you made at the root.
- The completion of the landing. Throw well into the pits with soil, but so that the root neck of the plant is not more than 2-3 cm deep. Pour and lay out a layer of mulch about 2-3 cm from wood chips.
Every plant needs its own care. For Honeysuckle Nymph, the rules are as follows:
- Watering - regular, with water consumption of 1-2 buckets per plant.
- Weeding is an obligatory measure for the prevention of root rotting, but it is necessary to do it carefully so that the not very deep root processes remain intact.
- Pruning and sanitary thinning - perform both in spring and autumn, removing all damaged, dried shoots, as well as those that will lead to excessive thickening of the shrub.
- Top dressing - is carried out in several stages. In early spring, about 15 g of ammonium nitrate are applied per 1 m2 or each bush is sprayed with a solution of 1 bucket of water and 1 tbsp. urea. When flowering, the root zone of one plant is watered with a solution of 10 liters of water and 1 kg of wood ash. In the autumn it is appropriate to add organic matter to the soil - about 100 g of wood ash and 5 kg of compost will suffice. You can additionally add 2 tbsp. superphosphate.
Diseases and pests
Since the variety of honeysuckle nymph is not very resistant to pests, but not very susceptible to their attacks, it is enough to carry out targeted preventive measures. To do this, you need to know about possible problems.
If the plant becomes infected with these insects and is not treated, the shrub dies, as it quickly loses sap in the leaves and stems. In order to prevent the attacks of the shitovki, it is enough to spray the honeysuckle with the “Rogor” preparation after the harvest and repeat the procedure again after 10 days.
When the aphids attack the honeysuckle, the leaves of the plant and the stems very quickly lose their vitality - turn yellow, fall off, while new shoots do not develop. As soon as you notice the pests, take the appropriate measures - the high effectiveness of the struggle is observed when treating plants with the drugs Actellic, Confidor, Rogor, Karate, Kinmiks, Entobacterin, Biotlin.
Important! In the storehouse of folk remedies, there are also suitable ones - chamomile, pepper, garlic, tobacco, onion, pine needles, calendula, soda ash extracts.
It is necessary to fight the caterpillars immediately mechanically - just assemble them manually. But if there are a lot of pests, it is advisable to spray honeysuckle. Suitable for this purpose drugs - "Inta-Vir", "Eleksar".
Ticks, like aphids, also very quickly suck the juice from the plant. Signs of infection - twisted, brown or black leaves, covered with holes. Processing means from ticks in this case is required. Well suited options "Mavrik", "Tedion", "Omite".
Fungi and rot
To prevent plant rot, it is best to do without chemicals, but the treatment must be carried out in advance. The best would be a solution of 1 tablespoon of soap and 10 liters of water. To enhance, you can add 10 g of copper sulfate powder.
If there are already signs of damage, then use one of the following drugs according to the manufacturer's instructions:
Important! Honeysuckle can fly cherry fly, moth, whitefly, mosaic, powdery mildew, churchgrass, rust. It is not necessary to carry out prevention with chemicals from each of the possible options. It is better to use folk remedies in the form of universal solutions that will scare away most pests. But this must be done in a timely manner.
The grade the Nymph is universal, and therefore is appreciated by gardeners of different regions. If you plan to add honeysuckle on your plot, this option definitely will not cause you any special problems and will delight you with the beauty of the shrub and tasty berries.
What you need to know the average plant lover, who became interested in this shrub? Honeysuckle has many varieties. Most of them are not whimsical and do not require special care arrangements. Size depends on the variety. But any bush needs to form a crown, so you have to learn how to work with garden shears. The fruits are more edible. But before you eat them, determine exactly which sort you are dealing with. Honeysuckle begins to bloom in late spring. At the same time, it is famous for its beautiful flowers and pleasant aroma. This smell attracts insects that pollinate the plant and provide a good harvest.
Honeysuckle variety "Nymph", the description of which we present to you below, is not the only species of this plant. You need to know that work on the breeding and invention of new varieties of shrubs have been going on for a very long time. Scientists are working hard in this direction. And the result of their work is the presence of a huge number of different variants of the same plant. To understand what the main difference between them is, let us present to your attention several classifications. Shrubs are usually divided by the following parameters:
- terms of fruit ripening: early, medium and late varieties,
- bush height: low, medium and high shrubs,
- различия по вкусовым характеристикам ягод: сладкие, слабокислые, сильнокислые, с земляничным привкусом.
В зависимости от сорта отличаются плоды, которые могут иметь разный размер, форму и цвет.
Жимолость «Нимфа»: описание сорта
This type of plant produces berries that can be eaten. According to maturity, it refers to the middle variant. That is, it is the “golden middle” that gardeners love so much. In appearance, the bush has a crown of moderate size, which is not considered to be very sprawling. Honeysuckle can grow up to two meters tall.
Her berries are quite large and can be three centimeters in diameter. Fruits are blue with blue tint, they seem to be covered with a layer of wax - so shiny and attractive. Gardeners love this particular type of plant, because it is very resistant to various changes in the weather, has a pleasant aroma. A sweet taste with pronounced acidity makes it special. Also, the shrub gives a very good harvest. And on average, you can take about two kilograms of berries.
Honeysuckle "Nymph", description of the variety: advantages
So that you understand all the advantages of the form, we present you a list of its advantages. It is thanks to these advantages that honeysuckle is so popular these days:
- The shrub is able to grow and delight you with its fruits for fifty years, during which it constantly bears fruit.
- Fruits ripen not at one time, but in stages. And it is very convenient, since the harvest can be harvested within two months.
- The beneficial properties of the berries are so numerous that their use is already a plus. And the fact that they do not lose these properties during the cooking process makes them even more attractive.
- The shrub is very resistant to attacks of various pests and diseases. It does not require special treatment.
- The plant can easily grow in different soil, with temperature drops and other adverse conditions.
- Honeysuckle flowers can be used to design bouquets. And the pleasant smell will fill your house with gentle aroma.
Reading the information about the honeysuckle "Nymph", a description of the variety, the shortcomings of this shrub were not identified. After reviewing the reviews of the owners, it was possible to determine the following: this view has only advantages. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend breeding it.
After studying the information on the topic "Honeysuckle" Nymph ", description of the variety," reviews of gardeners who grow shrubs, we can conclude that the berries are very useful and recommended for consumption. From them it is possible to make various delicacies:
- Decoctions. To do this, chop the fruits and add water, boil for 30 minutes, cool, strain through a sieve.
- Juices. The easiest way to cook them is to use a juicer or juicer. If there is no such possibility, then you need to wash ripe berries. Then squeeze out some juice, put the mixture in a saucepan, pour a glass of water and cook for 15 minutes. Grind the resulting mass through a strainer. And the juice is ready!
- Jam. The grade "Nymph" is ideally suited for this type of conservation thanks to the sweet-sour taste. Rinse the berries and boil sugar and water syrup. Fill the fruit with syrup, leave for a few hours. Then cook for five minutes and leave for a while. Repeat the procedure two more times.
- Freezing. In this form, the berries can be stored for a year. The main thing is to thoroughly wash the fruit, removing all excess parts, dry and freeze in convenient containers.
- Drying. Place the fruit on clean paper and place it in the sun. It takes two weeks to bring the berries to the desired state. If there is not enough sun, then you can use the oven. In the winter, you can make compote, jelly and other drinks from dried berries.
Such facts about honeysuckle give a complete picture of both the plant in general and the variety “Nymph” in particular.
- The initial material for the creation of this variety is the Leningrad Giant variety.
- Honeysuckle variety Nymph begins producing first yields from the fourth year of cultivation.
- The variety gives high yields for 23-25 years.
- Shrubs are medium in growth and density, with a spreading crown consisting of straight skeletal branches.
- The height of the aerial part reaches 1.5-1.7 m.
- Shoots powerful, thickened, brown-green color.
- On the surface of the shoots there is a slight pubescence.
- The leaves are very large, oblong-oval with sharp tops.
- The leaves of this variety have a typical dark green color.
- The lamina is characterized by a flat, slightly wavy form.
- Ripe berry is very large, reaches 2-3.5 g.
- The length of the fruit is about 29-30 and width 8-9 mm.
- For this variety is characterized by an elongated-spindle shape of the fruit.
- On top of the berries have a bluish-blue color and covered with a dense, thin skin with a thin wax coating.
- Pulp with sweet taste, fibrous and with a slight sourness.
- The pulp of ripe fruit contains dry matter - 13-14,2%, sugars - 8-8,5%, ascorbic acid - 53-55 mg / 100 g
- The first ripe berries of honeysuckle can be collected in early June.
- When creating optimal growing conditions, you can get from one bush 1.5-2.2 kg each. berries
For the good development of bushes and obtaining high yields, it is necessary to plant a seedling of this variety on a plot with such characteristics:
- The presence of a fertile soil layer (18–25 cm) on the site represented by ordinary chernozem or loam contributes to the intensive growth of planting material and the formation of a significant number of large fruits on the shoots.
- Honeysuckle plants should be well lit throughout the sunny day.
- The minimum amount of weeds, especially perennial (thistle, wheatgrass, wormwood).
- Smooth soil surface without potholes and other irregularities.
- In order to increase the number of fruit, it is necessary to choose an area well blown by the winds and the presence of a large number of insects. For the same purpose, it is recommended to place seedlings of this variety at a close distance from other plants of honeysuckle.
The variety Nymph is very well propagated at home with the help of rooted cuttings, cuttings and annual saplings. If the gardener has decided to purchase ready-made planting materials, then he should know what indicators a healthy sapling of this honeysuckle variety should have:
- The seedling must be completely healthy, free from disease and pests.
- The roots of the seedling must be well branched and not overdried.
- The optimum height of the sapling is 1.2-1.4 m.
Landing time and method
In order for the sapling to settle down, it should be planted in the ground during the month of September. Planting of this variety should be carried out in this way:
- A couple of weeks before planting, it is necessary to prepare landing pits of 45 x 45 x 45 cm in size. The arrangement of the landing pits should be such that the honeysuckle bushes are arranged according to a 1.6 x 2.5 m scheme.
- At each landing pit, you need to make 5-6 liters. rotted manure, 76-80 g of superphosphate and 25-35 g of wood ash.
- One day before planting, the seedling is soaked in water and the tips of the shoots and roots are cut to 1.2-1.5 cm.
- Before planting a seedling, 8-10 liters are poured into each planting hole. water.
- The seedling is placed in the center of the pit and the roots are carefully covered with fertile soil.
- After filling the planting pit around the seedling, the soil is compacted and a hole is made into which 5-6 l are poured. water.
The grade needs to be watered in time. Therefore, the creators of the variety recommend the following scheme for watering honeysuckle plants:
- A week after planting begin to water the plants with an interval of 3-4 days. At the same time on each tree spend up to 10 liters. water. Watering with such frequency is carried out throughout September - October.
- During the second growing season, honeysuckle needs to be watered at least once a week. The rate of irrigation water per bush is 10-15 liters. water.
- From the third year on, the variety is watered once every two weeks at a rate of 15-17 liters. on one plant. In the phase of flowering and growth of berries watering should be carried out at least once a week.
In order for the shoots of the variety to develop rapidly and many fruits form on them, it is necessary to feed the honeysuckle in the following sequence:
- In early spring, before the budding of the kidneys, the variety is fed with ammonium nitrate, which dissolves in water in the norm of 33-35 g. To 9.5-10 liters. water. The resulting solution fertilizes the soil around the honeysuckle bushes in the amount of 4.5-5 liters. on 1 square. m
- In early April, prepare a solution of chicken manure, by dissolving 1-1.5 liters. litter in 12-13 liters. water. The rate of application of such a solution is 3-4.5 l. on 1 square. m
- Before flowering sprayed shoots of honeysuckle Vimpel drug (13-15 ml. 5-6.5 liters of water).
- After the formation of fruits, the honeysuckle bushes are fed with a liquid mullein. To do this, dissolve 2 liters. Mullein in 13-15 liters. water and make 3.5-4.5 liters. on 1 square. m
In order to form the optimal shape of the crown and at the same time maintaining the plants in good condition, it is necessary every spring (end of March) to prune:
- Cut the last shoots at 25-30% of their total length, in order to create the best light shoots in the center of the bush.
- Remove shoots dried, broken and infected in a strong degree by diseases and pests.
- Frozen shoots during the winter shorten to the first viable buds.
- Unproductive shoots are subject to complete removal.
- Shrubs older than 14-15 years need rejuvenating pruning.
In order for honeysuckle seedlings to get acclimatized more quickly, it is necessary, in the first months after planting, to keep the soil surface clean from weeds. To do this, you can use a different tool from an ordinary chopper to a motor-block or a tractor with a cultivator. To destroy weed shoots, it is enough to carry out tillage to a depth of 2-3.5 cm. The main rule in weed control is to prevent the weed vegetation from taking root. In addition to weed control, you need to constantly maintain the surface of the site in a relatively loose state. This is due to the fact that the loose surface of the soil retains moisture in the soil from evaporation and contributes to easier oxygen supply to the root system of honeysuckle.
The grade the Nymph has no resistance to such diseases as churchgrown and mealy dew.
Honeysuckle plants affected by cercosporosis can be recognized by the dirty green spots on the leaves. These leaves begin to dry with time and crumble prematurely. Cercosporosis is a fungal disease that occurs under the action of the causative agent of the fungus Cercospora libicola.
Measures to combat this disease:
- Careful collection and burning of infected leaves.
- Optimal thinning of the crown with the aim of better airflow.
- Feed dressing with nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, urea).
- Before flowering sprayed shoots of honeysuckle drug Kuprozan fungicidal action.
Mealy dew appears on the honeysuckle bushes in the form of white bloom, which is very often located on the surface of leaves and shoots. Powdery mildew areas of honeysuckle become brown and dry. On young diseased shoots, the crust cracks and deforms.
Ways to combat this disease:
- Collection and localization of infected leaves.
- Pruning and burning of parts of shoots affected by powdery mildew to a great extent.
- Spraying of honeysuckle shoots with Oxyh fungicide.
The greatest harm to this variety is caused by aphids and the honeysaccharum.
Aphid is a very common pest that feeds on the leaf sap and in a short time is capable of creating rather large colonies in a new place. The first and main sign of the appearance of aphids on the honeysuckle bush is the twisting of leaves and the presence of a large number of ants on the shoots. The measures to combat this pest are as follows:
- To complicate the movement of ants through the honeysuckle bushes, it is necessary to lubricate the base of the shoots with grease.
- Spraying the bushes with BI-58 N insecticides, Karbofos or Comfidor.
The honeysophilus is harmful in the form of a caterpillar, as it eats the core of the ovary and can cause the flowers to fall off in large numbers. The best way to fight such a pest is to spray the honeysuckle bushes with insecticides Karbofos and BI-58N.
By picking berries start in mid-June. Harvest should be in accordance with the following recommendations:
- It should be remembered that in the bushes older than 5-6 years, overripe berries are able to crumble. Therefore, fruit picking should be done regularly at intervals of not more than 2 days.
- To pick berries, you only need ripened without signs of decay and mechanical damage.
- Berry picking should take place in sunny and dry weather. In this weather, the rind of the fruit is dry and optimally suited for the longest possible fresh storage.
- The collected berries should be sorted by size and put into wooden boxes with a layer of 18-20 cm.
Preparing for the winter
To create optimal conditions for wintering, after harvest, honeysuckle bushes should be prepared as follows:
- Conducted autumn pruning in order to remove nonviable shoots.
- 24-25 days before the onset of cold weather, honeysuckle is fed with a solution of liquid mullein (1-1.5 l. For 12-13 l. Of water). On 1 square. m. poured into 4.5-5 liters. this fertilizer.
- Systematically weed the plot.
- Weakly rooted planting material is warmed with sawdust, agrofibre and roofing material.
This species was first bred at the Pavlovsk Experimental Station of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry named after N. I. Vavilov in St. Petersburg. It comes from a free pollinator of a variety called the Leningrad Giant. The title of authors for the breeding of this species was given to famous scientists - M. N. Plekhanova and A. V. Kondrikova.
Honeysuckle "Nymph" - the brainchild of Pavlovian breeding, deservedly bearing the title of one of the best varieties of durable berry bushes to date. If you refer to a brief description of the variety, you can imagine a green shrub with bluish-blue berries with unsurpassed taste. The resistance of the crop to low air temperatures is a distinctive feature of the plant, allowing it to survive not only cold winters, but also returning early spring frosts.
The honeysuckle shrub of this species is upright and tall (reaches a height of 2 meters), has an oval sprawling crown with slightly pubescent shoots and large leaves of the same shape with sharpened ends.
Excellent taste qualities of the berries of this honeysuckle variety are presented. combination of sour and sweet taste with a certain hint of astringency, giving refinement and extraordinary fruit. Large spindle-shaped or ellipsoidal blue berries with a slight amethyst shade, as well as a waxy bloom of dense density, will delight gardeners with their appearance at the end of June.
Fruit ripening period: late (end of June).
Bush: medium (1.5-1.7 m) and tall (1.7-2 m) with a thick oval crown.
Shoots: long and straight, slightly pubescent.
Leaves: large, elongated oval shape with a wide-round base and pointed ends.
- average weight - 1.6 g, maximum - 3 g,
- shape and size: ellipsoidal-elongated / spindle-shaped form (average length of a berry is 28-30 mm, diameter is approximately 10 mm),
- surface: bumpy,
- taste characteristics: a pronounced sweet-sour taste and rich pleasant aroma,
- pulp structure: fibrous.
How to care for a grade
The unique dessert variety of honeysuckle "Nymph" - kind of durable shrub with edible berries, not requiring special conditions for planting and its further development. Since “Nymph” requires pollinating neighbors for its fruitfulness, such varieties of honeysuckle as “Amfora”, “Chosen One”, “Pavlovskaya”, as well as “In Memory of Gijuka” will be the best options. Having provided a sunny part of the garden for the plant as a house, as well as abundant watering in the summer, you can see the positive results of your work in the first years after planting.
Watering and soil care
Planted seedlings of this type of edible honeysuckle better before the onset of cold weather so that the plant has managed to take root and in the future normally endure the cold season. Landing sites should be well lit and protected from the wind, and the soil prepared in advance: dug up and neutralized with calcareous materials. If rotted, broken or dry roots are found on the seedling, they must be removed, and their average length for planting should not exceed 30 cm.
It should be noted that in the process of plant growth, special attention should be paid maintaining soil moisture levels in which the plant develops, as insufficient watering affects the taste and quantity of fruits.
In the not hot period with an average rainy level, the amount of crop irrigation should reach 3–4 times per season at a rate of 10–12 liters per bush. In late spring, when hot and dry weather is coming, watering should be increased.
The first couple of years after planting, the plant does not need additional feeding, since the nutrients with which the composition of the upper fertile soil is saturated are quite enough for it. After that, the nymph honeysuckle begins to require additional care, for which organic substances are well suited: manure in rotted form, humus or compost. In the spring, before swelling of the kidneys, the plant is fed 15 g of ammonium nitrate per square meter of land or 30 g of urea under a shrub. These substances are diluted with water.
Обрезка растения производится после того, как крона начинает сгущаться, по времени жизни растения — это примерно 3-4-й год после посадки. It is necessary to begin pruning from zero stems (growing from the ground), then remove sick, dried, broken, short branches in turn. Pruning contributes to a better penetration of sunlight, making the plant better fruit. The processes of removal of excess branches are carried out mainly in the fall, and in the spring the sick parts of the plant are removed by the frost and the diseased parts (the so-called sanitary pruning after wintering).
This variety of honeysuckle has high cold resistance that allows him to safely endure frosts, as well as develop in extreme conditions. In order to facilitate this process, it is possible to fertilize the soil with a mixture of compost, ash and superphosphate before the arrival of winter in the following proportions: 5 kg: 100 g: 40 g. The indicated amount is calculated per square meter of land.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Among positive qualities inherent in this variety, the following can be called:
- high frost resistance
- slow shedding
- abundant yield,
- unusual taste of berries.