The range of vegetable crops grown in their own area is expanding every year. This is due to the increasing tendency to replenish the diet with healthy and nutritious meals, has properties that have a positive effect on health. Among the new varieties of plants, cultivation of which are beginning to actively develop gardeners, not the last place is occupied by daikon. Planting in the country is not difficult, the main thing is to observe the terms of planting and the rules of care.
What is Japanese radish daikon
Homeland perspective culture is Japan. There, a variety of radish is incredibly popular due to its rich vitamin composition and delicate flavor, so a sweet vegetable is included in the daily diet.
Daikon belongs to the cruciferous crop family with a one-year cycle. The shape of the vegetable is similar to radishes and may be different. conical to serpentine. Differences due to the belonging of a vegetable to a particular variety.
The weight of a root crop depends not only on the varietal factor, but also on weather conditions, compliance with the rules of agricultural engineering, therefore the range of average indicators has such a large run - from 500 gr. up to 3 kg. The length of the vegetable reaches 10-60 cm with diameter 4-8 cm.
Depending on the variety, daikon fruits can be of different shapes and weights.
- cold resistance (shoots tolerate frosts to minus 4 degrees, adult plants to minus 6 degrees),
- good vegetation requires good lighting and a long day,
- unpretentiousness to soil type,
- early maturity (50-70 days).
Features of different varieties
Those gardeners who are going to plant daikon on their plot for the first time are advised to opt for the following popular varieties.
Daikon Sasha refers to to early varieties with a growing season 35-45 days. The shape of the root is round white, the weight is 200-400 grams. with a diameter of 10-11 cm. When growing a plant, half of the fruit rises on the soil surface, this facilitates harvesting.
Taste and nutritional quality of daikon allow it to be included in the diet of dietary and baby food.
Dubinushka - culture mid-season term of aging with vegetation 43-54 days. The elongated cylindrical fruits up to 50 cm long look like a club, from which the name of the variety came. The average weight of a vegetable is 500-2000 gr., its flesh is different sweet and delicate taste without bitterness, dense structure.
Harvest perfectly retains valuable vitamin composition during long-term storage.
Daikon roots ripen through 60-70 daysafter the emergence of seedlings. The shape of the vegetable is cylindrical with a conical tip, the mass is 900 gr. with a diameter of 6-8 cm. The taste of the fruit is very gentle, refreshing with a hint of sweetness, the sharpness is not felt in it. The structure of the pulp is dense.
The dragon is suitable for long-term storage, even in winter the radish is filled with vitamins and minerals valuable for the body. This allows the use of daikon for diet food, as well as sports and children.
Mid season Daikon variety with vegetation 80-84 days. Cylindrical fruits protrude when grown above the ground surface by 2/3 of their length, which facilitates the harvesting process. Vegetable length - 18-25 cm, weight - 500-600 gr. with a diameter of 7-8 cm.
Feature of the variety: easily tolerates dry summer, high stable yield.
Is it possible to grow daikon in the garden
Cultivating daikon has long been mastered by gardeners from different regions of Russia. In the south of the country and in the middle lane, seeding is done in early spring and sometimes in the fall. With this planting you can get a crop already in June or early July.
Radishes are more commonly grown in Siberia and the Urals. in greenhousesto prevent young shoots from freezing. In addition, the climatic conditions of these regions are far from ideal. Torrential rains, eroding the beds along with the crops, create many problems, as indeed a strong wind. To reduce the risks of crop loss, gardeners have grown a good place to grow vegetables under cover.
According to the characteristics, daikon belongs to cold-resistant plants, but this does not mean that the plant will develop at low temperatures. For normal growing season indicators should not fall below 10 degrees. With a long stay in the cold culture slows growth and poorly rooted, which significantly reduces the yield.
When landing on open ground in regions with a harsh climate, it is recommended to consider the following factors:
- varieties of daikon (you need to use early and mid-season varieties of radish, so that they have time to mature),
- meeting deadlines for sowing seeds into the ground,
- the creation of film cover after the landing.
Terms for landing
Daikon can be planted seed and seedlings. The variant is chosen taking into account the characteristics of the variety: fruits of a rounded and shortened oblong shape are more suitable for the seedling method, and elongated ones - seed, since there is a risk of damage to the root system during transplantation.
In open ground, seeds can be planted in the period from the 20th of April to the 10th of May. When growing seedlings sowing is planned from March 15 to April 10. Seedlings are planted in open ground in about a month when 2 pairs of true leaves are formed.
Experienced gardeners come up with various tricks to protect the crop from marksmanship, because in this case the development of root crops is not in question. Some planted seeds in early spring, others manage to sow them in the fall.
Before sowing the seeds should be warm in a thermos filled with water 50 degrees. Selected disinfected grains are immersed in it for 20 minutes, after which they are immediately placed in ice water. After such stress, the seed must be sent to the fridge for a day (on the door or in the vegetable compartment).
Daikon is considered very convenient for the cultivation of vegetables, as it adapts to any type of soil. However, experienced gardeners recommend the use of fertile soil loose structure. Also need to pay attention to the environment, it should be neutral or subacid.
Daikon grows well in a neutral or weakly acidic environment.
To enrich the soil, it is necessary to add the following nutrients to it in the fall:
- humus or compost - 1-2 kg / m2,
- superphosphate - 40 gr./m2,
- potassium sulfate - 20 g / m2.
If lime is used to reduce acidity, it should be used separately from fertilizers with an interval of 2 weeks.
Sowing seeds on seedlings
Daikon sow 2-3 seeds in peat tablets or peat-humus pots. When using containers it is necessary to take into account the necessary depth - not less than 10 cm.
In a moist fertile soil loose structure lay the seeds to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. The surface of the container covered with glass or film and put in a warm place.
After 5-7 days after emergence of shoots shelter is removed, and the seedlings are exposed to a well-lit place. After the formation of the first pair of leaves, weaker shoots are removed.
Light day for seedlings should not be too long, as it contributes to the growth of greenery, and not the formation of the root part.
Daikon seedling seed
How to plant in open ground
In open ground, seedlings of daikon are planted according to the following scheme: 30x60 cm. The seeds are put into a well of 2-3 pieces, the depth of seeding should not exceed 2 cm. Planting seeds or seedlings should be to wet landso that they adapt faster and develop.
After the planting works, it is necessary to irrigate by spraying and grind the soil surface with peat. When the temperature decreases, it is recommended to cover the bed with plastic film or agrofibre.
An unpretentious plant still needs basic care, which includes the following measures.
During the whole growing season of daikon, the soil should be wet. The first watering is carried out after emergence of shoots. The lack of water provokes the release of arrows, so procedures should be performed regularly - 2 times per week, and in hot weather daily.
Loosening and weeding
Daikon loves loose soil structuretherefore, it should be dispensed weekly, especially after heavy rains. Combine the aeration procedure rationally with weeding.
In the case of growing vegetables in well-cultivated soils, then the need for dressing disappears. For other cases it is recommended to make mineral fertilizers with irrigation:
- 10 liters of water
- 10 liters of slurry,
- 4 gr. potassium sulfate.
Humidity in combination with high temperature provokes the development of fungal infections. As a preventive measure disinfection of soil and seeds before planting, and weed control. Soil moisture is regulated so that water does not stagnate in the upper layers.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest time depends on the variety, in particular the growing season. Mid-season varieties matured for one and a half - two months after planting.
When harvesting, the roots are removed from the soil using tops
Root vegetable extracted from the soil with the help of tops. This should be done in dry weather so that moisture does not affect the shelf life. If the ground is stuck on the vegetable, you need to let it dry, it will disappear. When removing the soil mechanically, the probability of damaging the delicate skin is high.
For long term storage, whole fruits are selected without signs of damage. When used as cellar storage, it is recommended to stack vegetables. in wooden boxes and sprinkle each layer with sand. Stocks should be checked periodically. If any damage is noticed, the damaged daikons are removed from the box.
The agrotechnology of growing Japanese radish is simple, so you should try to grow an incredibly healthy and tasty vegetable on your site. And at the end of the season, boast a record harvest in front of the neighbors or treat them to some goodies from a refreshing vegetable.
Spring and autumn landing daikon
Daikon is unpretentious to the quality of the soil, you just need to choose the right grade.
- On heavy clay soils well grow group varieties Shiroagari and Shoogoin,
- on loam can be planted Miyige or Tokini,
- for light soils fit Nerrima and Ninengo.
Russian breeders bred varieties adapted to the long light day characteristic of most regions of our country. Daikon Sasha considered resistant to the formation of arrows, although in practice this quality is not always manifested. But the precocity of this variety allows you to grow it, bypassing the period of the longest days.
To avoid marksman daikon, seeds need to be planted either in early spring or at the end of summer. If you live north of 55 °, then the roots will not form at spring planting, the plant will bloom immediately. In central Russia, spring sowing of seedlings must be made in the beginning of April. In a month, plants can be planted in a well-insulated greenhouse under film tunnels. If you are going to grow daikon in the open field, on warm days it is advisable to keep the boxes with seedlings on the glazed loggia.
When the spring frosts end, the seedlings can be planted on the beds. Daikon is a heat-loving plant, therefore at air temperature below +10°Cplantings need to be covered with foil or covering material.
To get a good harvest, give the roots enough space for development. And in the greenhouse, and on the street distance between rows must be 60–70 cm, but between plants – 20–25 cm.
Daikon root goes deep into the ground, so ground up to a depth of not less than 25 cm. When developing beds, add compost and complex fertilizers, and in acidic soil - lime. To help a large root crop grow and develop, under each plant a 50 cm deep hole is made with a drillwhich is filled with fertile land. Before planting a bed needs good moisten.
If you are going to use separate specimens to obtain seeds, make sure that there were no cruciferous plants of other species nearbyotherwise, they may pereopylitsya, and instead of daikon you get an incomprehensible hybrid.
Autumn planting has its pros and cons. Such plants do not bloombesides for their landing you can use the land vacated after harvesting other crops. The disadvantage of this method is that the roots do not have time to reach the maximum size, therefore, reduced yield.
In central Russia seeding daikon must be completed at the beginning of August. Garden beds are prepared in the same way as for spring planting. The only difference is that land that has been depleted by early cultures more nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers.
When planting seeds in the garden 2-3 seeds are put into each well. When there are real leaves, excess plants are removed, leaving in each nest one copy. After thinning landing need to feed complex fertilizer.
Caring for daikon at their summer cottage
The main care of plants is to weeding, watering and loosening. If the soil is fertile, top dressing can be not made. To get more air to the roots, the ground is pierced between them. Daikon is demanding of moisture, water it must be plentifulbut do not overwetto avoid the disease mucosal bacteriosis.
As the tops of the roots grow, they start to look out of the ground, in some varieties up to one third of the edible part comes out into the air. So that the crop does not lose its nutritional and taste qualities, plants spud.
The main daikon pests are:
- Cruciferous flea eats leaves. To ward off the insect, the ground part is moistened and sprinkled with ash,
- Garden scoop. To combat the larvae and caterpillars, the plants are watered with pale pink manganese solution. Can apply infusion of red hot pepper: 5 pods pour 1 l of hot water, leave for 12 hours, then dissolve in 10 l of water.
- Slugs damage the root, making it unsuitable for storage. To block the pest's passage to the plant, you need to surround the beds with grooves in which to pour the ashes.
If daikon grows in fresh air, with the onset of cold weather cover himfilm and nonwoven fabric.
How to clean and save daikon
40–70 days after planting comes harvest time. You only need to do this work. in dry weather, so that the ground stuck to the roots, dried in the air and easily separated.
A feature of daikon is that even slightly damaged root crops cannot be stored. To harvest the crop without loss, plants pull out of the ground for the tops. If heavy soil holds the root firmly, you can use a fork.
After cleaning you need separate damaged roots, which should be used first of all, from the whole. Select plants intended for seedand cut the tops of the leaves, leaving scapes 10 cm long. It is better to use a spring sowing crop for this purpose, then in the fall you will receive a new seed. Seed crops need keep in the fridge for 10 daysand then tilted to land in the ground where the daikon will have to grow until full seed ripening.
Harvest intended for storage, placed in boxes, pouring each layer wet sandand clean the cellar. Root vegetables can be shifted instead of sand. with moss. At a temperature from 0 to +1°C Daikon remains fresh until February. So that the vegetables do not become flabby, sand or moss must be kept wet.
Growing an exotic vegetable is not easy, but at the table, your efforts will be appreciated by children, elderly relatives, and people with stomach ailments - everyone with hot radish is contraindicated to enjoy tender juicy daikon.
Popular varieties of daikon
In Japan, the homeland of daikon, where vegetable plantations occupy the first place in the world in terms of area, its varieties are over 400. In Russia, the range of this crop is much more modest, but still those vegetable growers who want to grow white radish should pay attention to the characteristics of the main groups of varieties daikon in shape and degree of penetration of root crops into the soil.
- Shoogoin - root crops are very thick (up to 20 cm in diameter), rounded or flat-rounded in shape, they grow well on heavy soils. At 1 / 4-1 / 5 recessed into the ground.
- Sirogari - they are distinguished by optimal sizes of cylindrical root crops, which reach a length of up to 30 cm and a diameter of up to 7 cm. Above the surface of the soil, they project 2 / 3-3 / 4.
- Miyashige - long (up to 50 cm) and thick (up to 9 cm) cylindrical roots, submerged in the ground by half.
- Tokinashi - suitable for growing on loamy soils. They are similar in shape to the previous type, but less in length.
- Nerima is a group of varieties with smooth and long root crops (up to 70 cm) of a spindle-shaped form, up to 10 cm thick. They protrude 1 / 4-1 / 3 above the ground surface.
- Ninengo - cold-resistant and color-resistant varieties, forming a root crop up to 40 cm in length and up to 6.5 cm in thickness, is completely immersed in the soil.
Among the common varieties in Russia, you can choose:
- Daikon Minovashi - mid-season, resistant to diseases, drought. The root crop is cylindrical, with a conical tip. In length up to 50 cm, reaches masses up to 1.5 kg. The flesh is white. The yield of 10-13 kg / m2.
- The dragon is a mid-season variety, a cylindrical root crop with a conical tip, weighing up to 1 kg. It grows up to 30-60 cm, thickness reaches up to 8 cm. The flesh is white, with a dense structure. The yield of 5-7 kg / m2.
- Dubinushka - mid-season variety, forms a root crop up to 45 cm long, up to 8 cm thick, weight - up to 2.5 kg. The flesh is snow white. Yield, as in the variety Dragon - 5-7 kg / m2 when cultivated in open ground.
- The elephant's canine is a middle-ripening variety (ripening time 70-90 days); it forms an elongated-cylindrical root crop, up to 50 cm long and weighing 0.3-0.5 kg. Immersed in the soil at 2/3, its flesh is white, juicy, rare spicy taste is absent. Productivity 3-4 kg / m2
- Sasha is an early ripe variety of daikon roundish (up to 10 cm in diameter), weighing up to 400 g. White flesh, without bitterness and sharpness. Resistant to bacteriosis. The yield of this variety is 1.5-3.5 kg / m2.
- Sugar rose - early ripe, cold-resistant, very fruitful. Root crops are homogeneous, round, up to 10 cm thick. The flesh is pink, sweet, delicate, preserving the excellent taste for a long time. The yield of this daikon is 1.5-3 kg / m2.
Daikon seeds are distributed by the Russian seed companies Gavrish, Aelita, SeDeK. They produce certified products of good quality for many years.
When planting daikon in open ground with seeds - planting dates
Like radish, daikon belongs to the plants of short daylight, because it can be sown only during the period when the day does not exceed 14 hours. Otherwise, it throws out the arrow to the detriment of root crops, which may not be formed. Especially often this happens in cool and dry years. That is why it is so important to choose the optimal planting time so that you can count on the harvest of root crops, and not of flower stalks.
Terms of planting Japanese radish can vary depending on when the vegetable grower wants to get a harvest. If you need early production, then you can sow daikon in the spring, as soon as it gets warmer enough and the air temperature rises above + 5 ... + 10 ° С. But it is best to plant this vegetable in the second half of July - early August, at which time the day will again become shorter.
You can sow it in those beds where early vegetables such as potatoes, garlic or onions were growing. In the middle zone and in the northern regions, early and mid-season varieties should be preferred. In the Urals, the planting of daikon is best done in the summer, and not in the spring, because during spring sowing the roots do not have time to form until June and the plants bloom.
Features of the cultivation of daikon in open ground
For the cultivation of daikon in the country will need preferably loamy or sandy soil, but for some varieties also suitable clay soil. Basically it is grown from seeds, you can also grow vegetables from seedlings. In this case, the roots will grow faster. For the cultivation of daikon in the open field will need to prepare the soil and seeds for sowing.
Soil preparation is a mandatory event. In well-fertilized soil, daikon is obtained in a large, characteristic shape, tasty and juicy. In the soil exhausted after the predecessor, the roots will be smaller and substandard.
For early spring daikon planting, the soil is prepared in the autumn, and for summer it can be prepared in the spring, some time before the event. It is good to dig up the soil, not less than on the bayonet of the shovel, cover the ground with a well-rotted compost, or humus in the amount of 1-1.5 buckets per m2 or 50 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt to the same area. Fresh manure is not recommended or as an option, you can make it under the predecessors.
If the soil is acidic, then it must be produskat, as daikon needs subacid and neutral soil. Neutralize the soil in the fall, even before digging and fertilizing, bringing slaked lime into it. If this was not possible, then you can do by adding 2 glasses of ash per m2 of beds. It will not only alkalize the earth, but it will also be a source of elements necessary for plants.
Since daikon roots grow quickly and have good size, it is important to take care of the density of the soil. For white radish, light and loose soils are best suited, in which long roots can penetrate deep into without obstacles. If the soil in the area is dense and heavy, then it is better to stop on varieties with round roots.
Daikon is planted in open ground at a site where cruciferous vegetables did not grow: all kinds of cabbages, mustard, radish, turnips, which pull the same elements out of the ground and are prone to the same diseases. The best predecessors for him will be tomatoes, potatoes, onions, cucumbers, garlic.
Seeds can be sown dry, but for better germination they can be:
- moisten - wrap in a damp cloth and leave for 1 day in a warm place,
- soak - leave for 1 day in warm water,
- stratify - first, hold for 30 minutes in warm water, then cool in cold water and put in the refrigerator for a day.
After that, the seeds are ready for planting.
Japanese radish for the formation of a full crop need a large area of nutrition. Therefore, you can plant daikon seeds according to the following scheme:
- 30x30 cm - for varieties with small roots,
- 40x40 cm - for varieties with long roots,
2-3 seeds should be sown in each well. to a depth of 1.5 cm, sprinkle them with earth, mulch with peat and cover them with a film or agrofibre before germination. When the seeds sprout, in the hole you need to leave one most developed plant, the other to remove.
Planting daikon before winter
White radish is a cold-resistant plant; therefore, it is allowed to under-grow it from seeds. This is very convenient, because in the fall you can sow the vegetable on the plots freed from other crops, and not worry about correctly guessing the dates of spring planting. Particularly relevant such a landing will be in the southern regions with a short spring.
Naturally, for podzimny planting, you need to take only early early ripening varieties and sow the seeds more thickly, in order to guarantee germination after winter (the seed rate is doubled compared with spring-summer crops). It is necessary to sow daikon before frosts, the beds must be fully prepared for sowing: they are dug up, fertilized, and wells are marked. After sowing, cover the seeds with soil and grind the ridges with peat, humus, dry earth, leaves, straw, sawdust, hay. In the spring, after the arrival of heat, the mulch is removed, so that the sun's rays and air begin to penetrate to the plants. The advantage of this variant of sowing is that it gives the earliest harvest from strong and strong plants.
Daikon diseases and pests - fight against them
Diseases and pests of white radish are the same as those of other crucifers. Many of them are the result of a violation of growing plants by the vegetable grower. For example, on wet soil, daikon becomes ill with mucous and vascular bacteriosis. For the prevention of this disease, it is necessary, when preparing seeds, other than standard procedures, to treat them with a biological preparation Planriz or to carry out treatment after seeding the plants.
Daikon pests are a cruciferous flea, cabbage swallow, fly and garden shovel. They destroy the extract of tobacco, hot pepper, processing ash on wet leaves of plants. To scare away pests around daikon beds, marigolds are planted, the smell of which is not tolerated by insects.
As an option, you can grow vegetables the entire growing season under the non-woven material. This will not only prevent the attack of pests, but also get a harvest faster.
Growing daikon seedlings from seeds
Usually landing daikon held in the second half of summer. If you want to get a vegetable in late spring or early summer, you have to first grow seedlings.
Not all varieties are suitable for transplanting, but only those that give a small-sized root crop and round or oval shape. When sowing seedlings for spring cultivation, preference should be given to varieties less prone to tsvetushnosti. Timing depends on weather conditions and growing region. Most often, daikon radish is sown at the end of March or beginning of April, for the southern regions this period is shifted to the beginning of March. When sowing in the ground, daikon seeds can sprout when the soil warms up to 5 degrees Celsius, adult plants can tolerate even slight frosts, but it is better not to risk planting seedlings in a room and plant them in warm earth.
The algorithm for growing seedlings of daikon:
- Seed preparation consists of their warming up in water with a temperature of about 50 degrees for 20 minutes, further immediate cooling in cold water and cooling in the refrigerator for about a day,
- sowing is carried out in separate containers or boxes, the height of the container for sowing must be at least 10 cm,
- the soil will need a loose, well breathable and moisture retaining,
- sow the seeds to a depth of 2 cm in the wet ground,
- until the shoots appear, the containers are kept in a warm place, covered with glass or film,
- as soon as the shoots were hatched, and it can happen already on the 5th day, they are transferred to a bright, cool window-sill,
- when too thick sowing, seedlings are thinned out when two true leaves are formed, at the same time they are fed with a solution of a complete mineral fertilizer of weak concentration,
- sprouts do not need picking, but watering should be timely, as the daikon loves moisture,
- It is possible to move the seedlings to the ground at the stage of formation of 2-4 true leaves, pre-hardened in the open air for 2 weeks.
Selection of planting material
There are many varieties of daikon, both domestic and come from Japan. Their choice depends on whether you intend to store daikon or eat it immediately. When creating the appropriate conditions, some varieties can be stored for up to six months. In the middle lane a good harvest can be obtained only when sowing early and mid-ripening varieties. Late-ripening - just do not have time to form a big harvest. For loose light soils, varieties of daikon with any size of root vegetables are suitable; on heavy, dense soils, it is better to take those that give a small oval or round vegetable.
How and when to plant
This unpretentious vegetable has a peculiarity that gardeners sometimes forget about: it is a plant of long daylight hours. If the duration of the light period is more than 13 hours, the plant forms not a root crop, but generative organs: a floral arrow, and then seeds. Incorrectly chosen planting time is the main cause of failure in the cultivation of this valuable root crop.
As a rule, daikon in the ground are sown in the second half of summer. It is better to do it in the 2-3 decade of July, and the early ripening varieties in early August.
By this time, some vegetables already finish the growing season and are removed from the beds: winter garlic, onion turnips. In their place daikon will be very good.
For the formation of a full-fledged harvest, Japanese radish need a large area of nutrition. The planting scheme for varieties with a small and medium-sized root crop is 30x50 cm. Large-fruited varieties are sown according to the 40x50 cm scheme; for varieties with long root crops of small diameter, the distance between rows can be made smaller - 40 cm.
Usually, 2-3 seeds are sown in one well to a depth of about 2 cm. The soil should be moist. Extra plants after germination should be carefully cut, if they are not sitting close to each other, they can be transplanted. By the way, young daikon leaves are very good in salads. To get the seedlings faster, the seeds are prepared in the same way as for sowing seedlings, and the bed itself is covered with non-woven material. The same is done when planting seedlings, but the soil around the plants must be mulched with a layer of hay, straw, dried grass without seeds.
Terms of landing for the winter
A close relative of the daikon, the radish, has been sown for a long time before winter. The result is an early harvest of strong and strong plants. You can sow under winter and daikon. He will give the crop in the spring without growing seedlings. For sowing, only early ripening varieties that are not prone to rifle are chosen, the rest will bloom with the onset of spring heat. The exact timing of the under-winter sowing is determined by the weather, since it is carried out after the onset of steady frosts in frozen ground. Beds for him are prepared in the warm season, harvesting dry earth or humus for sprinkling seeds. They are best kept indoors. The bed should be fully prepared for sowing: dug over, fertilized, rows are marked.
With the onset of frost, they sow with double the number of seeds against the usual rate. From above they are covered with harvested earth or humus.
They mulch and the entire surface of the bed. In the spring, mulch needs to be scooped up between the rows, and the bed should be covered with a film draped over the arcs so that the soil warms up faster.
Planting and care of daikon (in short)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in open ground - in July or August, sowing seeds for seedlings - in the second half of March, planting seedlings in the garden - in the stage of formation of two pairs of true leaves.
- Lighting: bright sunshine.
- The soil: loose, sandy and light loamy soils of neutral reaction in areas with deep groundwater.
- Watering: regular and sufficient: the ground in the area should be kept in a slightly damp state all the time. The first watering is after the emergence of shoots, then the soil is moistened once every five days, and even more often in dry time.
- Top dressing: twice during the growing season: in the 4-5 leaf formation phase - with a solution of 3 tablespoons of Azofoski in 10 liters of water, during the formation of root crops - with a solution of one spoon of superphosphate and two tablespoons of potassium salt in 10 liters of water.
- Breeding: seed - seedling and seedless.
- Pests: cruciferous flea beetles, garden scoops, sprout and spring cabbage flies, rapeseed bugs and tsvetoedy, slugs, cabbage bugs, aphids and moths.
- Diseases: Kila, Black Leg, Vascular Bacteriosis, Mosaic and Felt Disease.
Radish Daikon Description
Daikon plant annual or biennial. In the process of growth, it forms a rosette of 12-40 strongly dissected leaves and roots, larger than those of radish, and reaching a mass of 600 g to 4 kg, although sometimes fruits weighing up to 20 kg are found. In addition, they are more juicy and tender, without rare acuity. Daikon has a good keeping quality, it is successfully grown in a midland. The vegetative period at a daikon depending on a grade from 40 to 200 days.
Daikon is a relative of plants such as cabbage, radishes, turnips and other less well-known representatives of cruciferous. In recent years, due to its unpretentiousness and high yield, this plant has become almost as popular among gardeners as carrots and beets are usual for us. We are ready to tell you when and how to plant daikon for seedlings, when to plant daikon in the Moscow region, how the daikon radish is grown, which plant varieties are most adapted to the conditions of the middle band, as well as the benefits of daikon and what and for whom it may be harmful daikon.
Sowing daikon seeds.
Rassadny method for the most part grown varieties of daikon with rounded or short oval root vegetables, because the transplant, and especially picking, varieties with long roots are poorly tolerated. When to sow daikon? Carry out sowing from mid-March to early April. Daikon seeds before sowing should be heated for 20 minutes in water at a temperature of 50 ºC, then immediately cooled in ice water, then placed for a day in a vegetable box of a refrigerator.
It is best to sow daikon 2-3 seeds in peat tablets or peat-humus pots, with which, when the time comes, seedlings are transplanted to the garden bed. But if you are going to grow seedlings in a box or container, then keep in mind that the depth of the dishes should be at least 10 cm, since the daikon has a long root. Sow the seeds in a well-moistened loose light soil to a depth of about 2 cm, after which the crops are covered with film or glass and placed in a warm place.
Growing daikon seedlings.
Under favorable conditions, seedlings may appear after 5 days, and then the coating should be removed. Caring for daikon in the seedling period is to moisten and loosen the soil as needed. When the seedlings develop the first pair of leaves, they are thinned, pulling out the weak and sluggish shoots so that they do not take away the food from the stronger and more developed. After thinning, the seedlings are fed with a low concentration of mineral fertilizer. Make sure that the light day of the seedlings is not too long, otherwise, instead of increasing the volume of the root, the plant will begin to bloom.
If you are going to plant seedlings in a greenhouse, it is best to grow it on a glazed loggia, but if you are preparing seedlings for open ground, begin tempering procedures two weeks before disembarking: take out the seedlings daily for a while, gradually increasing the duration of these sessions, seedlings will not be able to spend the whole day in the fresh air.
Terms of landing daikon.
When to plant daikon in open ground? When seedlings develop two pairs of true leaves. The timing of planting daikon on the bed is closely related to the climate of your area and the length of daylight hours, which at the time of formation and development of the root crop should not be longer than 12-15 hours. With a longer light day, the daikon can give an arrow. Температура воздуха на момент пересадки сеянцев в открытый грунт не должна быть ниже 10 ºC. Выбирайте для устройства грядки самое солнечное место.
Грунт для дайкона.
К составу почвы дайкон не привередлив, но лучше он растет на нейтральных и рыхлых легкосуглинистых или супесчаных почвах с низким залеганием грунтовых вод, хотя есть сорта, хорошо растущие даже на тяжелых глинах. If the soil you choose is sour, add lime to it. The pH of the soil optimum for growing daikon is pH 6.0-8.0.
It is necessary to prepare a plot for daikon in the fall, even if you are going to plant it in spring: dig the soil to the depth of the spade bayonet, at the same time introducing 1-2 kg of compost or humus, 20 g of potassium sulphate and ammonium sulphate and 40 g for each m² of area superphosphate. Do not apply lime to fertilizer at the same time as fertilizer; do it two weeks earlier. And it is better to bring organic matter not before planting daikon, but under the previous culture. By the way, it is good to grow daikon after such crops as potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, beets and carrots. And the worst forerunners for daikon are all cruciferous representatives - cabbage, turnip, radish and turnip.
How to plant daikon in open ground.
Planting daikon in the open ground is carried out according to the scheme 30x60 cm, that is, between the plants in the row should be at least 30 cm, and between the rows - 60 cm. They plant seedlings in moist soil, which after planting is slightly trampled and mulched on top with peat. If you have fears that night frosts may return, cover for the first time a bed with daikon polyethylene or other covering material.
How to grow daikon.
Planting and caring for daikon are simple and easy. Daikon in open ground needs regular watering, loosening the soil between plants, weeding, feeding, if you grow daikon in barren soil, and protection from diseases and pests. In addition, daikon must spud, because as it grows, the root crop starts to look out of the ground sometimes by a third of its length.
The key to a good harvest is regular and sufficient watering of daikon. Planting should be maintained in a slightly wet state throughout the growing season. The first time daikon watered after germination. If the plant lacks moisture, it can go to the arrow, and the flesh of the already formed root crops will become coarse, acquire a bitter taste and an unpleasant smell. If watering is carried out irregularly, the roots are cracked, their ability to be stored for a long time is reduced.
The frequency of watering daikon about once every five days. If there is a drought, it will be necessary to moisten the bed more often, but if it rains, sometimes watering can be missed.
Daikon pests and diseases
Daikon, with improper care and violation of agricultural practices, suffers the same diseases as other representatives of the cruciferous family. If you overdo it with the wetting area, daikon can affect the mucous bacteriosis - a disease whose symptoms appear mainly in the second half of the growing season. As a result, the daikon root vegetable softens and darkens. Sometimes the symptoms of the disease in the form of foci of wet rot can be seen already in the vault. In addition to mucosal bacteriosis, daikon can get sick with such ailments as the keel, black leg, vascular bacteriosis, mosaic and felt disease. To avoid problems with fungal and viral diseases, it is necessary to use such measures as:
- - observance of a crop rotation and agrotechnology of culture,
- - cultivation of varieties resistant to fungi,
- - presowing seed treatment,
- - weed and pest control, often carriers of viral diseases, from which, alas, there is no treatment,
- - disinfection of storage facilities,
- - cleaning the site from plant residues and their destruction.
Of the pests, the cruciferous flea is the most dangerous for young daikonchikas, but there are other enemies: garden shovel, sprout and spring cabbage flies, rapeseed bug and tsvetnoyu, slugs, cabbage bug, aphid and ognevka.
In the fight against fungal diseases, preventive measures give the best result, but if the disease still hit the plant, you will have to resort to radical procedures - treatment of the site with Binoram or Planriz biopreparations in accordance with the instructions. There is no medicine from the mosaic, so immediately remove the diseased plant from the site, and spill the well with a strong solution of potassium permanganate.
Vs cabbage flea it is necessary to take measures immediately after sowing the seeds: sprinkle the area with coarse ash. After the emergence of seedlings or transplanting into the ground, the beds are sprinkled with fines ashes.
Against other insects, effective treatment of plants with an infusion of red hot pepper: five pods are poured with a liter of hot water, infused for 12 hours, then filtered and diluted with water to 10 liters. If, after one treatment, not all insects have died, in 3-4 days, repeat the spraying. To destroy the larvae, daikon watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Flies frightens off the smell of marigolds, which can be planted around the perimeter of the daikon bed, and the groove with ashes can prevent the appearance of slugs.
Cleaning and storage of daikon
Daikon is harvested depending on the variety 40-70 days after sowing. Daikon autumn planting clean in October, before the onset of cold weather. Do not overdo the roots in the ground, as they may bloom or lose taste. Choose to clean dry fine day.
Daikon, growing in light soil, is pulled out for the tops, and from heavy soils, the roots have to be dug out with a shovel or removed with a pitchfork. The roots extracted from the ground are laid out along the bed to dry, then they are cleared from the ground, the tops are cut to them and the roots are lowered into the cellar, where they are stored in boxes with sand at temperatures from 0 to 5 ºC, not in contact with each other. In such conditions, daikon roots may lie before the Christmas holidays.
Daikon varieties are classified according to the shape of the root and the depth of its immersion in the soil. For example:
- – group of varieties Nerime with white, long (from 40 to 70 cm) smooth spindle-shaped and very juicy fruits with a diameter of 8-10 cm, recessed into the ground by a quarter or third of the length,
- - very popular in Japan Miyaxige hybrids with cylindrical root crops 35-50 cm long and 7-9 cm in diameter, recessed into the soil by 2/5 or ½ length,
- - a group of not so productive, but well growing in heavy clay soils varieties Shoogoin with round and flat-round fruits with a diameter of 15 to 20 cm, immersed in the ground for a quarter or 1/5 of the length,
- – group of early ripe varieties Syrogari with cylindrical root crops 25-30 cm long with a diameter of 6-7 cm, recessed into the soil by 2/3 or length. The vegetative period of daikon of these varieties is about 55 days,
- - a large group of early heat resistant and disease resistant Minovase varieties (Minovasi) with root crops having a cylindrical shape in the upper part and an elongate-conical shape in the lower part. The length of root crops is from 40 to 55 cm, diameter is 7-8 cm, immersion into the ground by length. Prefers daikon Minovasi light sandy soil. The planting and care of the Minovass daikon were described in our article,
- – varieties group Nineigo represented by completely rooted submerged in the soil in the upper and elongated-conical in the lower part of the root crops, whose length reaches 40-60 cm and a thickness of 5-6 cm. The varieties of this group like light soils and are resistant to marksmanship and frost,
- – Kameida - a group of varieties with conical root crops with a length of only 12-15 cm and a thickness of 1 to 5 cm, recessed into the ground by 2/3 of the length. In addition to root crops, which have a spicy taste, Kameida leaves are also eaten. These varieties also prefer light soils.
The varieties of daikon and the season of cultivation are divided into spring (early), summer (mid-ripening) and autumn (late). We offer you some unusual varieties even for such a strange vegetable, so that you can choose among them the best daikon for your garden:
- – Daikon Sasha - zoned for early middle-early variety of average yield. The vegetation period in plants of this variety is 35 to 45 days, the root crop is large, white, only half immersed in the ground. Root pulp juicy, crunchy, snow-white, slightly greenish at the surface, with a moderately spicy taste. Planting and care for daikon Sasha is not labor intensive, but he has one drawback - his roots are not all the same size,
- – Pink glitter misato - Japanese variety with a delicate pink glow in the root section. The problem is that if you plant this daikon in the spring, it can go to the arrow, and if in the fall, the fruits will be small. This variety is hardly suitable for growing in the middle lane, it is better to cultivate in the southern regions,
- – Dubinushka - middle-ripening variety resistant to mucous bacteriosis, with white roots, reaching an optimal length of 60 cm and a mass of 3-4 kg. Pulp of root vegetables is white, juicy and sweet,
- – The Dragon - mid-season fruitful variety with a conic smooth root crop. It is a white daikon with a length from 30 to 60 cm, with a diameter of 6-8 cm and weighing up to 1 kg. The flesh of the plants of this variety is sweetish, very tender, juicy, but dense, characterized by high taste,
- – Flamingo - mid-ripen fruitful and color-resistant hybrid with medium size smooth violet-pink-white root crop in the shape of an icicle with pink flesh. The depth of immersion in the soil is 2/3 of the length. Root mass 600-800 g,
- – Tsukushi spring cross - fruitful early hybrid resistant to bolting. The roots of this variety are white, smooth, cylindrical in shape, weighing up to 800 g. The flesh is white, tender and juicy. Root is easily removed from the ground.
In addition to those described, Caesar, Favorite 9908099, Japanese White Long, Tokinashi, Big Bull, Elephant Fang, Aokabi-Daikon, Sakurajima and others grow well in our area.
Useful properties of daikon.
Daikon is a low-calorie product with a high content of vitamin C. In this case, the plant contains an enzyme that promotes the digestion of starch. That is why daikon is recommended for people struggling with obesity.
Phytoncides are also contained in daikon, which help the body to cope with various kinds of infections, potassium salts that remove excess fluid from the body, toxins and slags, as well as substances necessary for the normal functioning of the metabolism and absorption of carbohydrates, fats and proteins - esterase, amylase and enzymes . In addition, the composition of daikon includes salts of magnesium, phosphorus and iron, fiber and pectins, a large amount of beta-carotene and vitamins of group B.
Daikon is indicated in the treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases. The use of daikon in raw form contributes to the elimination of radiation, excess cholesterol and increases appetite. A glass of daikon juice, drunk before eating, due to the sulfur contained in it, has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the liver and gall bladder. As an antiviral and antibacterial agent, daikon juice is recommended for use in case of respiratory diseases - asthma, cold, bronchitis, chronic cough and flu.
200-300 g of grated daikon will help to cope with a hangover. And external use in the form of compresses and lotions accelerates the healing of purulent wounds, strengthens the hair and eliminates freckles.
Daikon - contraindications.
Daikon can cause discomfort in people with problems of the gastrointestinal tract, because it contains a large amount of fiber, which, when digested, can cause indigestion and flatulence. Daikon is harmful to ulcers and people suffering from hyperacid gastritis or gout, as well as those who have impaired kidney function. People older than fifty years before using daikon, it is better to consult a doctor.
Choosing a grade of daikon
Classify the plant by depth, shape and size of the root. The main difference of varieties is the growing season, which lasts from 50 to 90 days. There are early ripening, mid-ripening, late ripening varieties.
The following varieties can be distinguished from the early maturity:
Root crop of conical shape, smooth. Mass reaches 300 g. The flesh is juicy, tender. Used fresh, storage time is short. The vegetation period is 55–57 days. The yield of 7 kg per square meter. m
Used fresh, stored up to 20 days. The fruit is white cylindrical. Weight reaches 1 kg. Productivity - 3-5 kg per 1 square. m
Root crop is long, cylindrical with white skin. The flesh is juicy, dense. The average weight is 600 g. The yield is 7 kg per square meter. m. excellent taste.
Mid-season varieties include:
Used fresh. The vegetation period is 55-60 days. The shape of the root is like an icicle. The head is greenish, flat. The peel is smooth white. Excellent taste. Productivity - 7–8 kg per 1 sq. M. m
Fruits are cylindrical with white flesh. A distinctive feature is a large mass, reaching 2 kg and a length of up to 0.5 m. It has a pleasant taste, long shelf life. The form is cylindrical with a pointed base. Pulp dense delicate texture. Yield up to 9.5 kg per 1 square. m
The growing season is up to 66 days. Used fresh. The mass reaches 500 g. The variety is conical in shape with white tender flesh. Excellent taste, yield up to 6 kg per 1 square. m, resistant to the formation of arrows.
Short storage, growing season 65–70 days. Root is long, with a rough surface, weighing up to 750 g. The flesh is white, juicy. Good taste. Productivity to 7 kg from 1 sq. m
Representatives of late ripening varieties are:
Planting daikon in the open ground
Japanese radish grows well in open well-lit beds. It is unpretentious to the ground, but the best specimens grow on light, loose soils fertilized with organic matter.
If the soil is clay, you can make deep holes by adding light fertile soil. On the acidic soil spend liming. Under the autumn digging humus or compost is applied at the rate of 2 kg per 1 sq. Km. m
Before planting, when re-digging into the soil, mineral fertilizers are added per square meter. m:
- 20 g of superphosphate,
- 40 g saltpeter.
After germination, ashes can be used instead of these fertilizers.
To get a full crop, the bed should be raised to a height not lower than 30 cm, make ribs.
For better germination, seeds should be soaked in warm water or wrapped in a damp cloth for a day. Another way to prepare is stratification. Planting material for half an hour is placed in a container with water heated to 50 ° C, then in cold water, and after cooling it is left for a day in the refrigerator.
Planting seeds or seedlings can be made both in the furrows and in the wells. The distance between rows should be 0.5 m, and between plants 20 cm is enough. The planting pattern is adjusted depending on the weight of the root crop. Sow 3-4 seeds to a depth of 5 cm in a moist soil. Then the earth is slightly compacted, watering is done.
When two-line sowing from the bed width of one meter collect the richest crop.
The best predecessors are tomatoes, cucumbers, pumpkins, potatoes. Well disinfect the soil onions, garlic. After cruciferous (turnip, radish, turnip, cabbage, radish), planting is not worth it. They have common diseases, pests.
Seeds germinate in a week under favorable conditions.
Watering and loosening
For proper formation of succulent root crops require regular watering with a frequency of 1 time per week. If the summer is dry and hot, the frequency of watering increases. The soil should not dry out. By the end of the growing season, the amount of watering is reduced in order to prevent cracking.
The intensity and abundance of irrigation are directly dependent on the position in the soil. Varieties of incomplete immersion in the ground need watering more frequent, but moderate. If the fruit is completely in the ground, then watering is carried out less often, but more abundant.
It is advisable to carry out this procedure in the morning or in the evening with warm distilled water.
For the proper formation of root crops, oxygen is needed, which will be better delivered in loose soil. To loosen the aisles, weeds need to be removed after each watering so that no crust forms on the surface.
If the immersion of the culture is incomplete, then at the first appearance of the root crop on the surface, earthinging is performed.
This will prevent its greening, protect it from pests. Spud needed several times as they grow.
This sweet radish loves water. Therefore, watering is required regular. In cool weather, plants can be watered once every 5 days, in the heat watering is required more often. The soil should always be slightly wet. In a drought with a lack of moisture, the quality of root crops deteriorates, they become woody and lose their juiciness. After watering the soil under the plants need a shallow loosening. It is good to mix it with organic raw materials, it will not overheat and retains moisture well. If the root crop protrudes above the surface of the soil, it is necessary to pile it up so that the upper part does not get harsh and bitter.
Top dressing and fertilizer
If the soil is fertile with a sufficient content of humus, the plants will have enough of the nutrition that is laid in preparing the beds. On poor soils will require additional feeding. The first is done at the stage of the formation of 3-4 leaves, pouring ash under the bushes and on a pinch of complete mineral fertilizer. If there is a need to speed up the formation of the root, you can repeat the feeding again in 2-3 weeks.
Daikon root plant - description
Двухлетнее или однолетнее растение в процессе роста формирует розетку, которая состоит из двенадцати – сорока рассеченных листьев. Созревший корнеплод, в зависимости от сорта растения, может иметь вес от шестисот грамм до четырех килограмм. Он обладает хорошей лежкостью, поэтому может долго храниться. Since daikon belongs to the Cruciferous family, its relatives are - turnip, radish, cabbage. It has tender and juicy fruits, in which there is no sharpness of radish.
Planting daikon seedlings
Varieties with short oval or rounded root crops are grown through seedlings, as they tolerate picking and transplanting well. Landings begin to engage in mid-March. Planting material before sowing is heated in water with a temperature of +50 degrees for twenty minutes. The field of this it needs to be quickly cooled in ice water and put for a day in the bottom drawer of the refrigerator.
Since daikon has a long root, the boxes should be at least ten centimeters deep. However, experienced gardeners recommend planting seeds in peat-humus pots or peat tablets. In each pot fits two or three seeds.
For sowing, light, loose soil is used,It moisturizes well. Seeds are immersed in the soil to a depth of two centimeters, after which the container on top is covered with plastic or glass. Seed germination should occur in a warm place. In this case, sprouts will appear in about five days, and the shelter in the form of glass or polyethylene can be removed.
Care of seedlings is to moisten the soil as needed. After watering, the soil must be loosened so that a crust does not form on it.
After the seedlings appear two true leaves, the seedlings should be thinned. To do this, sluggish and weak plants are removed, otherwise some of the nutrients will be spent on them. After thinning is carried out dressing. Mineral fertilizers are used, the concentration of which should be weak.
The peculiarity of root crops is that they don't need a day light. Otherwise, they will begin to bloom, instead of forming and building up the fruit.
Two weeks before planting in the open ground, seedlings begin to harden. For this, containers with plants during the daytime are brought out into the street in warm weather. On the first day, one hour will be enough for them. Then the duration of hardening increases every day and by the time of planting the seedlings should be on the street already a day.
If the further cultivation of the vegetable will occur in the greenhouse, then it is not necessary to take the seedlings to the street. After the emergence of shoots, you can simply transfer it to the glazed loggia.
Planting daikon in the fall
You can use the beds after harvesting onions, lettuce, dill and other early crops in the summer, which are sown seeds of daikon. In the southern areas it can be done in September, and in colder areas - in late July or early August. In well-moistened soil, wells are dug in which two or three seeds are placed. Between the holes the distance should be the same as when planting seedlings. After sowing the beds sprinkled with peat.
When shoots appear and grow a little, they are thinned. Weak plucking is not recommended. It’s best to just pull them out.
Peculiarities of care
Daikon care does not take long. Planting all the time you need to maintain moisture in the state, so watering should be regular and not scanty. Watering should be about once every five days. In hot weather without rains, the frequency of watering may increase. If the vegetable does not have enough moisture, it will give an arrow, and the roots will crack, acquire an unpleasant smell, bitter taste and become coarse.
After irrigation, weeding is done, and the soil is loosened between the plants. As the root grows, the daikons should be minded. If plants are grown in poor soil, they are recommended to be fed during the vegetative season.
Radish Daikon Varieties
In Japan, daikon crops occupy the first place by area. The Japanese know a lot about proper nutrition. Therefore, the varieties of daikon they have about 400. We have their range is much more modest. Until recently, buying daikon seeds was a problem, but now the choice is wide enough.
Varieties of Japanese selection:
- varieties from the Minovase group - they are all early maturing, resistant to heat and disease, the root is long - up to 55 cm with a diameter of up to 8 cm, ¼ part of it is above the soil level,
- varieties from the Miyasige group - have a cylindrical root crop up to half a meter in diameter and up to 9 cm in diameter, it is immersed in the soil by ½ part,
- varieties from the Shogoin group are notable for the fact that root crops grow well on heavy soils, their diameter is up to 20 cm,
- varieties from the Sirogari group - they are distinguished by the early terms of the root crop formation - only 55 days and its good size - up to 30 cm in length, and up to 7 cm in diameter,
- Varieties from the Nineigo group are resistant to tsvetushnosti and frosts, root crops up to 60 cm long, and up to 6 in diameter.
Domestic varieties of daikon:
- Sasha - has a small round crop, lasts 45 days,
- Elephant's fang is a late ripening variety with a root crop up to 22 cm long,
- Dubinushka - a variety of medium ripening with a huge root crop up to 4 kg in weight,
- Dragon - mid-season variety, grows to 1 kg,
- Flamingo - medium ripening with pink flesh, weight - up to 800 g
Russian seed complexes multiply the seeds of not only domestic zoned varieties, but also "Japanese." For example, daikon Minovashi seeds can be purchased at Gavrish, SEDEK, Aelita stores.
Daikon is a useful and unpretentious vegetable in care. He should be in every garden.
Cultivation of daikon from seeds in open ground
Daikon is a very useful and tasty root vegetable, it cleans the kidneys, the liver, it has a good effect on the bowels, it effectively affects colds. Grow daikon easy. Common varieties are: “Big Bull”, “Airlie Mino”, “Quedlinburg”, “White Jam”, “Sasha”, “Dubinushka”, “Dragon”, “Fang of an Elephant” and others.
In general, when you buy daikon seeds, look at its varietal characteristics, usually the larger it is, the juicier it is.
Daikon sowing conditions
The best time for sowing daikon is mid-July; then the root crops are large with excellent taste (in the suburbs - the beginning of August), sown for later harvest in August, and at 10 ° C they harbor.
If you plant daikon in May-June, the plant will develop more greens due to the long light day, go to the arrow to the detriment of the development of root crops. So you can get a good seed of your own, but not a crop.
The best predecessors of daikon pumpkin, cucumber, zucchini and other types of pumpkin.
For the cultivation of daikon, the ideal soil is light with deep groundwater. From the autumn, a bucket of humus and 40 g of superphosphate per 1 sq. M is brought under deep soil digging. Spring plot loosened and leveled.
Make rows, the distance between which is 40-50 cm, close the seeds to a depth of 3-4 cm, every 20-25 cm, sprinkle with earth and compact a little. The first shoots appear in 3-5 days. When 3 of these sheets appear, thinning is carried out. The vegetation period of daikon is 40-100 days, depending on the variety, whether it is early or late.
If your soil is not very fertile, and you want to sow daikon, make holes at a distance of 30 cm, up to 60 cm deep, remove the infertile part of the earth and fill it with a mixture of fertile soil, humus and add 1 tsp to each well. sifted ash and superphosphate. Water and 2-3 seeds deepen by 3-5 cm.
Watering is moderate, avoiding stagnant water or drying out of the soil. Loosening after each watering. Weeding will save you from many pests.
The first feeding is carried out after thinning from the infusion of mullein, adding 1 tsp. urea on a bucket. After 2 weeks, you can feed complex mineral fertilizer. However, with fertilizers in this case it is better to underfeed than overfeeding, so that you do not grow tops with small fruits.
The mullein infusion is prepared like this: fill the barrel with cow dung 1/3, add water to the top, mix and leave to ferment for 1-2 weeks, depending on the weather, the warmer the better. Before applying the infusion of mullein diluted several times.
If the area has loamy soil, then after watering or rain, the ground should be pierced with a pitchfork and thus improved air exchange.
Daikon is afraid of even a slight cooling, at a temperature of 2-3 ° C, the roots start to freeze, losing taste and keeping quality, so if you do not have time to cover the plants with covering material, it is better to dig the roots.
From the freezing daikon becomes bitter, hollow and loose.
Daikon love cruciferous fleabutterflies To scare them in between rows, it is good to grow onions, as well as to do dusting with wood ash. Another method will save you from the cruciferous flea beetle: a tops of tomato (100 g dry or 250 g fresh) is filled with 1 liter of water, infused for 5 hours, boiled for 3 hours over medium heat. This infusion moisturizes 5 kg of fluffy lime well, dries, triturates and treats the plants.
To scare away cabbage flies near well grow marigolds.
Collection and storage
It is better to dig daikon with a fork, with mechanical damage to root crops, their keeping quality is significantly reduced. Daikon can be pulled out of the light soil. The term of harvesting is the end of September-October, 2 months after the emergence of shoots, before the onset of stable frosts. Cut the tops.
Store in a cellar, in wet sand or in plastic bags at a temperature of 0 ° C, at a lower temperature daikon becomes vitreous, and at a temperature above 5 ° C it becomes soft. If you didn’t use the whole root vegetable, but only a part of it, don’t worry, put it in the fridge in a plastic bag.